:

:

:



2002

:

.

:

-

402

. .

. .

:

. .

, 2002

1. . 4

2. . 4

3. .14

4. . 5

5. - . 6

6. . 6

7. , . 7

8. . 8

9. . 10

10. . 10

11. . 11

12. . 13

13. -

. 13

14. . 15

1. .

:

: 72*2=144 , ࠠ 6*5=30 , 2 72 5 ( 6 ).

- 4, 6 .

7 .

, .

, , .

2 .

.

2. .

1.

1

3.

.

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2

.

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1 2,1

, R4 455-69

-

. 229

4 0,08 1
2 2,69

- 4-

. 21659-28- -

., 185

3

6

0,09

0,39

4,2

2,8

3

1,69

-     

. 2006-78

4 0,4 0,3
4 3,9

-      2-

19144-73

2,5 0,01 2

4. .

, .

1 : 2 , .



. 2


2 : . 18 .

18


. 3

.

5. .

, , , , .

:

- , ; =+

- , ; =h1+h2+h4+h3

L - , .

.

3.

3

-, . , . -
1- . , L,
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 624 2,1 2,18
2 520 2,69 3,17
3 2400 1,69 2,09
4 620 3,9 3,91

6. .

. , . .

-160.2, -308 :

Qmax

.

Lmax

.

V

\

V.

\

N

\

.

.

.

.

160.2 5 25 22,5 18 0,6 6*6 3,8
308 4 25 16 18,5 0,5 4,5*4,5 3,5

7. , .

( , , ). ( ).

, 4,5.

4

.

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.

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-

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1

.

4-1-4, .2, 3

156

78

78 3

58

29

29

5-1

4-1

3-2

2-1

2

-.

1

4-1-25

, .1, 1

156

78

78

0,81

15,8

7,9

7,9

4-1

4-1

3

-

.

4-1-4

, .3, 3

468

78

234

4,2

245,7

41

123

5-1

4-1

3-2

2-1

4

-

10.

22-1-6, 6 173,2

57,72

86,58

3,3

72

24

36

5-1

5

-

1

4-1-25, , .2

1,3,5

468

156

234

1,95

114,01

38

57,1

4-1

3-1

4-1

3-1

6

.

4-1-6, , .2

3

520

130

260

1,9

123,5

30,9

61,7

5-1

4-1

3-2

2-1

7

-

10.

22-1-6, 1 104 26 52

2,5

32,5

8,12

16,3

5-1

8

-

1

4-1-25, , .2

2,4,6

1040

260

520

2,64

343,2

85,8

117

4-1

3-1

4-1

3-1

9

. 4-1-7, 3 2400 600

1200

0,72

216

54

108

4-1

3-2

2-1

10

10.

22-1-6, 1

374,4

47

187,2

2,5

117

14,7

58,5

5-1

11

-

100.

4-1-26, 3

164,64

41,16

82,32

4

82,32

20,6

41,2

4-1

3-1

12

.

4-1-8, , .2

3

812

203

406

4

406

101

203

5-1

4-1

3-1

2-1

13

10.

22-1-6, 1

168,9

42,22

84,45

2,5

52,78

13,2

26,4

5-1

14

,

10.

4-1-27, 5

606

76

304

1,3

98,48

12,4

49,4

4-1

3-1


8. .

, .

1.

= /V1 + Hok/V2 + (2*α/(360*) + S1/V3)Kc + S2/V4=

1) 32/12+32/12(2*180/(360*0.5)+20/18.5)*0.75+15/18.5=16.45

2) 46,1/12+46,1/5+((2*180)/360*06)*0,75=12,52

2.

= +


1) = 4,2*60/5 = 50,4 . = 66,85 .

= 1,9*60/5 = 22,8 . = 39,25 .

2) = 50,77 = 63,29

= 27,69 = 40,21

3.

1) .. = (.*N + .*N + .*N + .*N)/(N + N + N + N) =

= (66,85*312+39,25*260+29,05*1200+76,45*310)/(312+260+1200+310) = 43,04 .

2) (63,29*312+40,21*260)/(312+260) = 52,80

4.

1)    = (60*1)/.. = 60*0,9/43,04 = 1,25 /

2)    = 60*09/52,80 = 1,02 /

5. .

1) . = ..*Q*t.*k2 = 1.25*2.15*7.82*0.75 = 15.76 /.

Q. , Q. = 2,15

2) Q. = 2,37 .

. = 1,02*2,37*8,2*0,75 = 14,87 /

6. (.)

= /(*..)

1)    = 9188,4/(1,1*15,76) = 530

2)    = 9188,4/(1,1*14,87) = 561

7. ( )

q = *Np/()*.)

1) q = 335,95 /젠 q = 356,05 /

蠠 q = 403,44 /젠 q = 427,58 /

. . q = 935,8 /젠 q = 991,87 /

. q = 592,71 /젠 q = 628,18 /


 2267,9 2403,68

8. 1

qe = q/P

1). qe= 0,247 젠

2). qe= 0,261

10.

= (.**)/(100*)

1) = 24500*12*7,82/(100*3400) = 2) 20000*12*7,82(100*3400) =

= 7,47 .. = 5,52 .堠

11.

= (+++)*t =

1) (0,78+0,18+0,32+1,02)*7,82 = 18,4 2) 2*(0,78+0,18+0,32+1,02)*7,82=36,8

12.

.. = . + .

1) 7,47+18,4 = 25,87 ../젠 2) 2* (5,52+18,4) = 47,84../

13, , ,

.. = (.. + .)*t.

1) . =(0,13+1,02)*8=9,02 .. . 2) . =2*(0,13+1,02)*8=18,4 .. .

14. ,

=++++*

=68,2+505+300+50,5+25,3*2=974,3.. =2*(68,2+505+300+50,5+25,3*12)=2454,6..

1.   

=++++*

=156,6+885+528+88,5+153,7*2=1965,5 =2*(156,6+885+528+88,5+153,7*12)=3931

16.

= 8*(q1-q2)=0.6(1375-1374)=0.6

17.

1) = 0,33 .. 2) = 0,47 ..

18.

1) = 0,59 .. 2) = 0,78 ..

19.

= +

1) = 0,90 .. 2) = 1,25 ..

20. 1

1) = 2,89 .. 2) = 5,26 ..

21. 1

= (+--)/

1) = 0,0007 2) = 0,0012

22.

= 7**(1-1/2)

1) = 0,18 2) = 0,23

23.

= + *

1) = 0,3167 2) = 0,3280

24.

1) = 3,95 2) = 3,95

, 18 , , , , , , , , 24 .

160.2

9. .

. - ( ).

.

10. .

. , .

.

:

     150 - I--5 Q=10, 2-9 .

     - 150 - I--5 Q=10, 2-4 .

     - 150 - I--5 Q=10, 頠 4-14 .

     - 210() () - Q=18, 5-18 .

:

     -

∆ -

ࠠ t = t ++2l/(V/60) + t = =0.1*4+2*7/40+0.1*4=1.68 .

1 = Q*n/Q =2.1*4/10=0.84

,

ζ= Q*T*K1/t = 10*7,7*0,84/1,68 = 38,5

m = P/( ζ*T)= 208*2,1/(38,5*84) = 0,13

1

∆ -

t = 2*10/60*7 + 2*7/40 = 2,68 .

1 = 1,4*7/10=0.98

ζ= 10*7,7*0,98/2,68 = 28,15

m = 104*1,4/(28,15*51) = 0,1

1

    

t = 0.1*4+2*7/40+0.1*4=1.68 .

1 = 2,69*3/10=0,807

ζ= 10*7,7*0,807/1,68 = 46,02

m = 260*2,69/(46,02*62) = 0,24

1

          

t = 0.1*5+2*7/40+0.1*5=2,02 .

1 = 1,69*5/10=0,845

ζ= 10*7,7*0,845/2,02 = 32,21

m =1200*1,69/(32,32*113) = 0,55

1

          

∆ -

t = 0.1*6+2*7/40+0.1*6=2,35 .

1 = 6*2,6/18=0,86

ζ= 18*7,7*0,86/2,35 = 50,72

m = 29*2,6 /(50,72*5) = 0,29

1

∆ -

t = 2*10/60*4 + 2*7/40 = 1,68 .

1 = 4*3,9/18=0.86

ζ= 18*7,7*0,86/1,68 = 70,95

m = 281*3,9/(70,95*140) = 0,11

1

: 1 150 - I--5 ( Q=10 ) 1 󠠠 - 210() () - (Q=18)

11. .

-308. . 18 .

.

. , .

. , 1 , , .

. , 70% . ( ).

, .

, . ( ). .

, .

. 50% 100% - . 5.

, 200 .

. ( ), . . .

. .

. , . : , , .

, .

.

, . 20

: , .

, ) , ).

. (22) , (NaNO2), . , , -15. +5.

.

-30.

. , -20. , .

12. .

, .

-, , 2 . , 4- .

, , , ; , .

, , , 30 .

. . , .

6 , , .

5 , ( ).

, . , , ( 5 /). .

13. - .

1 ³ :

q1 = q/V = 2403,68/ 7959.024 = 0.30

V , V =7959.024 ³.

q - , q = 2403,68 ./.

:

= V/(T*N) = 7959.024/( *5) = ³/..

., = ;

N , N = 5 .

14. :

1. 4 . 1.

2. 22 . 1.

3. .. . ., 1991

4. .., .. . .: , 1984


 
2012 , , .